Developing Cooperative Of Subak To Improve Agribusiness: Case of Subak of Guama, Bali Province

Gede Sedana


Farmers group in Bali called subak as a traditional irrigation system and has been acknowledge as a world cultural heritage rewarded by UNESCO. In order to maintain subak an support rural development, government has introduced agribusiness program into subak system by establishing subak cooperative. This study aims at portraying the establishment and development of subak cooperative and describing the strength, weaknesses of subak cooperative relating to agribusiness works. The study was conducted in a Subak of Guama selected purposively as it is the only one of subaks in Bali which has been developed by government. Data collected was fully analyzed by using descriptive method. The results of study pointed out that cooperative of Guama subak has established since 2003 under the law of cooperative. The main agribusiness works run by cooperative consists of integrated crops management, crop livestock system and micro credit. Aside from these, the activities conducted are producing of rice seeds and organic fertilizer and providing of agro-inputs service. The strengths of subak cooperative are (i) good interrelation among the farmers; (ii) the bond between farmers and their management board, (iii) awig awig (internal law) of  subak; and (iv) religious value in the subak. While the weakness are limited size of paddy field, (ii) low formal education of farmers, (iii) the limited good agricultural practices/technologies, and (iv) lack of post-harvest technology. 

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