Planting and Consumption Patterns of Upland Rice Farmer in Indonesia

A Faroby Falatehan, Yusman Syaukat, Fitria Dewi Raswatie, Deffi Ayu Puspito Sari

Abstract


Abstract. There are 2 types of farmers, namely commercial farmers and subsystems. This study analyzed farmers in dry land areas, whether included in the type of commercial or subsistence farmers. This study has some purposes, such as to analyze the pattern of cultivation, productivity, and the pattern of rice consumption of farmers in upland area in West Java Province. Southern West Java has a wide potential upland area. It reached 55.98 percent of the total upland in West Java. Sukabumi District has the largest upland area, which is 232,023 ha, followed by Tasikmalaya District 170,489 ha. Upland area has considerable potential to increase agricultural production in West Java.  The utilization of upland area for commercial farming has not been cultivated maximally. The results showed that the planting pattern in both districts was variety, ie rice-rice-CGRT crops, rice- CGRT crops -rice, and rice- CGRT crops -not planted. This diverse planting pattern occurs because farmers have dependence on the rainy season. Meanwhile, for the consumption pattern, farmers set aside some of the production for daily consumption.  This condition caused income of upland farmer is relatively low compared to wetland area.According to this consumption pattern, all farmers in this upland area are subsistence farmer.


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