Problems Of Poverty And Environmental Damage Is The Main Obstacles In Urban Development

Bambang Suprijadi


Abstract. As a follow-up to the Rio Declaration, 1992, the Earth Summit, organized by the UN some other international meetings have also been underway including the UN Millennium Summit in 2000 which sparked the Millennium Development Goals (MDG). MDG agreed eight millennium development goals, the one aimed at tackling poverty in the world. An increasing number of the world's population that is accompanied with an increase in the population of the city and increase the number of urban poor has made the burden of urban environment more heavy. The problem is, poverty and environmental degradation is a major obstacle in the development of urban areas. Discussion methods of this analysis is that the inductive method, by taking the empirical data obtained through reports in the field, then analyzes the discussion include: poverty is deprivation, which is the condition of lacking everything necessary for the well-being (the experience of good quality of life). Poverty has many dimensions: physical, social, economic, political, psychological or spiritual, including the losses suffered by the poor such as physical weakness, isolation, vulnerability and powerlessness. In the case of the poor in big cities, injustice social structure (external factors of poverty) it can be seen from the non-fulfillment of their needs in order to survive in good health, the difficulty of access to public services (sanitation healthy, clean water, waste management), healthy home, RTH, educational services and so on. Injustice that causes the poor remain poor and environmentally destructive society itself and threaten the process of sustainable development. Examples of environmental damage, which until now could not be avoided is air pollution due to traffic congestion, loss of mangrove forests in the coastal areas, shrinkage of wetlands, shrinking green space, land subsidence, pollution of river water and groundwater. In conclusion, the above description shows that the problem of poverty that affect the lives of poor housing environment needs to be repaired or replaced, so that poverty and environmental damage settlement as happens in large cities can be reduced gradually, and the process of sustainable development can take place..


Keywords: Environment, Poverty, Urban Development

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