Study Islamic Consumptiontheory: Review Of Public Consumption Patterns In Surabaya

Fatma Rohmasari

Abstract


Abstract. Surabaya that grows as a big city triggers behave consumptive society in order to fulfill the demands of life, especially in an effort to fulfilling living costsfor everyday. Life in urban areas providea variety of choice and convenience to the people according with the facilities and infrastructure available. Consequences are large expenses budget to get it. Thus the family living costs are also getting bigger. The perceived demands of life very hard for the family in the middle class and lower middle or commonly called “wongcilik”.Phenomena of consumer spending patterns community in Surabaya has happened since a few years ago. Several previous studies proving their spending patterns consumptive society is mainly done by housewives who have an impact on the financial condition of the family. The pattern of economic adaptation families do in order to fulfill the necessities of life including a wife go works to supplement the family income, implementing a frugal life, trying to determine priority needs, even implementing debt management "galilubangtutuplubang". Some families were hang up his cost of subsidies fromthe parents/family/relatives because their income is not sufficient.Islamic consumption theory according Imam Al-Ghazali is the use of goods and services in order to fulfill the needs, obtained through work activities, and shall be based on ethics law in order to achieve the benefit to the afterlife, so avoid subsistence groups and became very weak. Components of necessity of human life that can not be avoided and is a basic requirement is essentially in the form of food needs, housing needs, and the needs of clothing (Imam al-Ghazali, 2014). The size of consumption Islamic directed not to miserly or dissipate. The consumption pattern is also included in the category qana'ah directed consumption just to make ends meet and not excessive, bearing in mind that the ultimate goal of which is to fulfill the consumption of current consumption (present consumption) in the world and for the future (future consumption) in worship. The greater the consumption the greater worship toward falah.


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